Mythological Significance of Kumbh Mela According Hindu Ved Purans


Kumbh Mela is the biggest Hindu fair celebration in India. A huge flock of Hindu Pilgrim devotees throng over to the destination of Kumbh Mela. For put up of this fair, government starts its preparation long before the expected time. A tight security, good Kumbh Mela accommodation centers, and flawless service providing amenities and basic needs by the devotees are arranged all over in the city. The date and venue of Kumbh Mela is decided on the movement of moon and star. The venue rotates in holy places like; Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain and Nasik. These places are four holy places of Ganges and prime venues for Kumbh Mela.

During this holy fair, devotees take part in bathing and taking dip into Ganges and offer water with palms to Sun. They believe this deed earns them virtue and sins are burned with warmth of holy river Ganga ji. Almost every year Kumbh Mela is arranged in India, but every Kumbh Mela has its own significance and value. In general, Kumbh Mela is celebrated as:-

  • Maha Kumbha Mela Venue: Allahabad Occurrence: Every 144 year
  • Purna Kumbh Mela Venue: Allahabad Occurrence: Every 12 year
  • Ardh Kumbh Mela Venue: Considered as per movement and position of astrological stars Occurrence: Every 6 year
  • Kumbh Mela Venue: Rotates in cities Allahabad, Nashik, Haridwar and Ujjain Occurrence: Every 3 year
  • Magh Mela Venue: Only Allahabad Occurrence: Every year

It is not exactly predicted when and why Kumbh Mela started, but Hindu mythology believes the starting of Kumbh Mela was due to sagar mantah, a fight between demon and god for churning of ocean to get amrit. “Amrit” is considered as pure and holy water. One, who has Amrit, would never die and will be immortal one in World. Brahma the creator of world was too much worried, he and other god never wanted to amrit to get in hand of demons. Brahma created world as if birth then death, means; one who will take birth will die surely. When churning the ocean the amrit kalash came out finally a war clashed to between gods and demons to have it. The war went on for 12 days, which is equivalent to 12 years. During the war, pot was tilted a bit and its drop fell on earth in four cities today known as; Allahabad, Nashik, Ujjain and Haridwar. Finally the pot came into hands of none. During the whole incidence and war; Sun and Jupiter acted as protector for the pot. Thus with this belief and movement of Sun and Jupiter, Kumbh Mela is celebrated in these four cities as per the movement and current position of Sun and Jupiter.

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